Access to clean water and adequate sanitation has improved significantly since the end of the 1990s; however, there is still much to be done in order to ensure that everyone has access to these essential resources.  Around the world,

663 million people are without water

2.4 billion are without sanitation

The divide between urban and rural localities remains stark across much of the world.  Globally, 25% of individuals living in rural areas still practice open defecation, whereas this figure is only 2% in urban areas.  

As well, it is calculated that at the current rate, open defecation will not be eliminated in the poorest of rural areas by 2030. Thus, in order to reduce these inadequacies, smart and targeted programming must be used to ensure maximum program reach.